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SOTA: The Society of Typographic Aficionados
exists to increase public awareness and appreciation of the art and history of typography and its function in creating beautiful and successful communication. To this end SOTA sponsors a conference for members and nonmembers alike and publishes a variety of publications related to its activities. The society, soon to be a non-profit cultural foundation, was founded in 1997 by Bob Colby.
The Virtual Museum of Printing-Press
The Virtual Museum of Printing-Press is a AMI-Associação Museu da Imprensa (The Press Museum Association) project. We intend to diffuse the sector's history, to show the patrimony, to suggest inteneraries, to collect information concerning press and graphic arts museology, and to give/receive news. From the millenary writings to the nowadays electronic edition, passing by the Gutenberg typography, by lithography, photogravure, rotting printing-press, by through the times free and silenced newspapers, etc, etc., there is a world to be discovered with the new virtual reality. This world begins with this virtual project and can end in each of the real press and graphic arts museums all over the five continents. By the Gutenberg's time people sailed on the oceans - by "oceans never ever navigated", as the portuguese poet Luís de Camões wrote; nowadays we virtually navigate all over the world. This Virtual Museum intends to be a cyberspace with a global participation of institutions and people involved, or people just interested, on press and graphic arts matters. For all this reasons, all collaboration will be appreciated
Center for the History of Print Culture in Modern America
A joint project of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin and the University of Wisconsin-Madison
For centuries Americans have been informed by print. All people in America's multicultural and multi-class society have used or been influenced by print, sometimes for common purposes, sometimes for different purposes. In recent years scholars from a variety of academic disciplines who are interested in studying this phenomenon have begun to refer to it as "print culture history." The history of print culture in the United States since 1876 has not received the attention it deserves. The scholarly work produced is fragmented by discipline and geography. Madison's combination of academic strengths and library resources (e.g., the Cairns and Little Magazines collections at memorial Library; the extensive periodical and newspaper collections at the State Historical Society Library) present a unique opportunity to forge the new scholarship the field needs. The Center for the History of Print Culture in Modern America in Madison, Wisconsin, attempts to fill this gap. Its objective is to help determine the historical sociology of print in modern America in all its culturally diverse manifestations. As a joint program of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, established in 1992, it is designed to:
* encourage the interdisciplinary study of print culture history on campus and serve as an interdisciplinary focus for research on print culture by scholars of modern America throughout the country from such diverse fields as literature, journalism, publishing, education, reading and library history, economics, sociology, the history of science, and political science and gender and ethnic studies;
* facilitate research into the valuable print culture research collections owned by both library systems which focus on newspapers, periodicals, advertising, printed ephemeral materials, and books (including school and college texts, children's literature, trade and scholarly monographs, and mass market paperbacks);
* stimulate research in the print culture collections of groups whose gender, race, occupation, ethnicity and sexual preference (among other factors) have historically placed them on the periphery of power but who used print sources as one of the few means of expression available to them;
* function as a clearinghouse for information on print culture research and scholars concerned with the history of modern America;
* work with the Center for the Book at the Library of Congress and with various state centers for the book on joint programs, exhibits, colloquia, symposia, and publications;
* raise funds for scholarships, fellowships, and lecture series to assist the study of modern American collection reflecting the history of print culture;
* aid in the development of an international perspective on print culture in modern America, including the reception of American publishing abroad, and foreign publishing in the United States, both in English and other languages.
* the Center sponsors a monthly colloquium series, an annual lecture, and a biennial conference on themes related to print culture history since 1876.
William Hogarth and 18th-Century Print Culture
Islamic Calligraphy with Mohamed Zakariya
This exhibit consists of a transcript of the film, Islamic Calligraphy with Mohamed Zakariya, with interleaved images (in GIF format) drawn from the film, as well as associated Quicktime audio/video clips. Mohamed Zakariya speaks throughout the film; the text faithfully represents his own words, with minor grammatical adjustments.
The history of artists' prints and printmaking, via the preparation of an interactive student tutorial package; this project currently has 2,800 digitized images, ranging from the 15th century to the 20th century, from religious to secular, from "high art" to popular, and also including sections on techniques, using extreme closeups of the prints selected. All images are in JPEG format, for compactness, although many of the prints are monochrome. The collection (eventually to be joined by relevent art-historical texts and commentaries) will shortly be written to a CD-ROM, and front-ended by an Amiga or Macintosh - although we are considering XMosaic as a possible delivery system.
"Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library and Renaissance Culture." This book, published by Yale University Press, serves as catalogue for the exhibit at the Library of Congress, which will present for the first time outside of Rome a selection of objects from the Vatican Library's remarkable collections. Although the excerpts below mention the book in particular, they also provide a good introduction to the exhibit itself, as presented both at the Library of Congress and through computer networks.
The Digital Catalogue Project
Bibliographical research is both inductive and positivist, and as a consequence it relies heavily upon the availability of abundant evidence. This project aims to create a model archive for the storage and circulation of material evidence concerning the printing industry in late Tudor and early Stuart London. All images stored in this archive are freely available for scholarly use, and source document information is included in the header of each image. For publication permissions or any other inquiries concerning the Digital Catalogue project, please contact:
David L. Gants
Institute for Advanced Teechnology in the Humanities
Alderman Library
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22903
The Hall of Printing and Graphic Arts
The Hall of Printing and Graphic Arts features tools and equipment of the printing trades, a printshop and post office of about 1800, a printshop of 1865, a newspaper shop of the 1880s, and a foundry from the mid-19th century. Just after the turn of the century, American inventors Ira Rubel and the brothers Charles and Albert Harris independently developed offset printing, a technique widely used today. A Rubel offset press of 1905 and a Harris press stand near one end of the hall. The same platform holds a half-scale model of the Nicolas-Louis Robert papermaking machine, recently built from his drawings of 1800. Modern papermaking machinery is based on Robert's concept. In the printmaking corner, exhibits describe the techniques of etching, woodcut, lithography, photoengraving, collotype, and other processes. The displays features many fine old master and modern prints. Around the presses and prints, the graphic arts come to life in four shops: three print shops and a typefoundry. The typefoundry is an 1850s recreation where demonstrations show how type was created mechanically or by hand. A page from a Bible printed in the 15th century by Johannes Gutenberg, the inventory of printing with moveable type, adorns the wall outside the shop. Ranging down the wall from the typefounding shop is a row of typesetting machines beginning with American inventory Ottmar Merganthaler's Second Band Machine of 1885 and a Blower Linotype of 1890. Both were precursors of his famous Linotype machine, which revolutionized the printing industry by allowing typesetters to cast entire lines of type without much more effort than striking the keys of a typewriter.
welcomes You to the wonderful world of antique Printing Memorabilia. NANCY NEALE TYPECRAFT has the largest Collection of Antique Printing Memorabilia in the world in private hands. It's the "Ultimate Collectible" if you're interested in antiques, crafts, printing nostalgia.
Mainz, Germany: Very nice museum worthwhile visiting in the attractive town of Mainz. Has a beautifull copy of the famous 42 line bible by Gutenberg. Website is German language only, but has nice images. (" Bis ins Medienzeitalter mit Bilder und Nachrichten in atemberaubendem Tempo ist dieser Name ein Begriff geblieben. Das gleichnamig Museum mitten im Stadtzentrum ist einne Hommage an den Erfinder der Druckkunst, seine weltberühmte 42zeilige Bibel eine der Kostbarkeiten des Museums.")
encourages the preservation of printing artifacts and source material for the printing history, as well as the development of museums and libraries to house them. APHA is especially but by no means exclusively interested in American printing history and is actively encouraging development of regional chapters.
specializing in the restauration of medieval and renaissance books, art on paper (including Asian screens and scrolls), and more. The lab conducts condition surveys, performs scientific analysis, and provides a reference service, based on a 4,000 volume research library.
Science Museum Galleries Printing and Papermaking
The development of printing from clay tablets to the modern press. A range of mechanical presses; sections on typesetting by hand and machine, printing pictures and making paper, pens and pencils, typewriters and duplicators.


Publisher of Renaissance Venice. Large site to celebrate the 500th anniversary of the publisher's first dated work published in Venice in 1495. Biography, Editions, Book production during Aldus' lifetime, Type, Lineages, Scholarship, Status of the Aldine book, Aldus bibliography.
IN AEDIBVS ALDI, the legacy of Aldus Manutius and his press. In February 1496, Aldus published an essay by Pietro Bembo. The type used is this publication became so famous that it influenced typeface design for generations.
tres nombreux textes francais de Moyen-Age...imprimes a petit nombre sure beau papier....
a Capsule History of Typesetting and HISTORY BUFF'S HOME PAGE (This page is for anyone that wants to learn more about journalism, printing and publishing history as well as American history in general. Contains extensive reference library covering 17 different categories ranging from the 16th century to the American Civil War to the story of Bonnie & Clyde. Included are links to other history and journalism related sites.)
Media History, with many links to Books and Publishing, Authors and Publishers, Print Culture in the Renaissance, and Copyright laws.
this documents traces the development of the printed book. With many thumbnails and links. A really fantastic site on this subject!! A mint example of how the electronic media can and should be used to "transport" information.
a capsule history of typesetting. Textfile by R.J.Brown.
About the technological roots in China (paper), Gutenberg and the Historical Moment in Western Europe, Print and modern thought, Print in the U.S., Advances in technology. Many related links.
History of the Book at Oxford
The information provided in these pages has been primarily taken (with permission) from the Teaching, Resources and Research in the History of the Book at Oxford newsletter being collated by Professor IWF Maclean of the European Humanities Research Centre in Oxford. Once completed, the newsletter will be circulated freely to all those at Oxford interested and involved in the History of the Book.
textfile on the history of printing. With a few links to related sites.
National Museum of American History. Catalog of the exhibition covers printing apparatus from presses to rubber stamps, as well as some documentary material relating to presses. The press collection has its greatest strength in wooden and iron hand presses of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with some unique and important specimens in this area. The catalog explores the history of the do-it-yourself pinting movement that in the late 19th century swept up many American boys, including Jesse Grant in the White House.
A museum not yet to be visited..The 'Friends' are dedicated to the founding of a Printing Museum devoted to the graphic arts that will be a legacy for future generations. The museum will house the world's largest collection of historic and rare letterpress and offset printing equipment. This new museum will provide printers, craftsmen, and printing scholars an opportunity to bring the story of printing, specifically American printing, to the public.
published from 1835 (over 250 issues) every Saturday for the British working class. Now avaliable on-line. Articles on subjects of general interest, some poetry, and a few illustrations in each issue.
The Williamsburg Imprints Program
The Williamsburg Imprints Program (WIP) is a colonial American studies project based at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in Williamsburg, Virginia. The focus of this program is the material culture of printing as it was practiced in Virginia before 1781. The influence of printing on 18th-century American culture, government, and the Revolution was enormous. While a considerable amount of research has been done in this area, much of it excellent, the study of colonial printing has been handicapped by the lack of specific data. Where did these printers get their type and paper? How many people worked in these shops? How did 18th-century American printers perform their work as compared to their European counterparts? The purpose of the WIP is to answer these types of questions through the bibliographical analysis of the books, newspapers, and ephemera which survive.
An empire of typefounding. William Caslon's work has long been associated with Colonial American printing and letterpress printing in general. It was chosen as the exclusive face for the Williamsburg Printing Office in the 1950's and remains the house face in demonstrations in front of the public today.
Little is known of these two founders from the low countries. Comparisons of their known specimens to type in John James' inventory prove that much of their work purchased by James as he toured the Netherlands for type moulds. It is interesting to note that Rolu and Roman also collected this kind of equipment as some of the decorative types found in their specimen sheets and consequently used in Williamsburg date from the late 1570's.

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