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TIME-TABLE CHRONOLOGICAL (ctnd)
YEAR KEYWORD EVENT
1648 BIBLE, DEVIL'S Devil's Bible. When the Swedes stormed Prague in 1648 they took(stole) many books including the rich collection of the Bohemian kings at Hradschin, many vellum manuscripts, including the Devil's Bible
1650 BLAEU Atlas Magnus Blaeu made between 1650-1662.
1650 ATLAS MAGNUS Atlas Magnus Blaeu made between 1650-1662.
1660 MEZZOTINT, EARLIEST KNOWN The technique of the mezzotint seems to have been invented by a German soldier, Ludwig von Siegen (1609-c.1680); the earliets known mezzotint is The Grand Executioner done in about 1660 by Prince Rupert, the Palatine Prince Ruprecht von der Pflatz (1619-1682). The Colossus by Francisco Goya (1746-1828), engraved in about 1815, was produced entirely by this technique, which was later taken up by others, notably by Edvard Munch (1863-1944).
1661 ALGONQUIN Bible. first bible published in America by Samuel Green (John Eliot's Algonquin Indian version)
1661 GREEN, SAMUEL Bible. first bible published in America by Samuel Green (John Eliot's Algonquin Indian version)
1661 BIBLE Bible. first bible published in America by Samuel Green (John Eliot's Algonquin Indian version)
1662 FAITHORNE Faithorne,William: 'The Art of Graveing and Etching' published
1662 BLAEU Blaeu, publication of Atlas Major in 11 volumes
1666 GRANDJEAN Grandjean de Fouchy, Philippe, d.1714, Parisian punchcutter, a.o. 'Romain du Roi'
1667 BLON, JAKOB CHRISTOF LE Jakob Christof Le Blon (1667-1741) was the first to produce an engraving in several colours. He took as his starting point Newston's theory, published in 1702, which stated that all colours in the spectrum are composed of the three primary colours -blue, yellow and red. In practice, however, in order to obtain a satisfactory impression, a fourth plate had to be added, bearing black lines.
1673 HOLLANDER Hollander, paperpulp beating machine, probably by Jacob Honingh in Zaandijk, Holland
1673 PAPER Hollander, paperpulp beating machine, probably by Jacob Honingh in Zaandijk, Holland
1686 MAGNUS Magnus, Albertus (d.) important 17th century Amsterdam bookbinder, amongst others Elzevier Bibles
1686 BINDING Magnus, Albertus (d.) important 17th century Amsterdam bookbinder, amongst others Elzevier Bibles
1689 ALESSANDRINA At her death in 1689, Christina of Sweden's library, known as the Bibliotheca Alessandrina (she considered herself a female Alexander the Great), was transferred to the Vatican Library.
1689 CHRISTINA OF SWEDEN At her death in 1689 her library, known as the Bibliotheca Alessandrina (she considered herself a female Alexander the Great), was transferred to the Vatican Library.
1690 PAPER Paper, first papermaking in America
1691 MAZARIN Mazarin. Second Mazarin bibliotheque opened
1693 CASLON Caslon, William, d.1766. English typefounder.
1695 LUCE Luce, Louis-Rene, d.1774, punchcutter working for the Imprimerie Royal
1701 FLEISCHMAN Fleischman, Johann Michael, d.1768, Nuremberg punchcutter
1702 PRINTS, COLOUR Jakob Christof Le Blon (1667-1741) was the first to produce an engraving in several colours. He took as his starting point Newston's theory, published in 1702, which stated that all colours in the spectrum are composed of the three primary colours -blue, yellow and red. In practice, however, in order to obtain a satisfactory impression, a fourth plate had to be added, bearing black lines.
1703 ENSCHEDE Enschede Printing office founded in Haarlem by Izaac Enschede
1706 BASKERVILLE Baskerville, John (1775), Typefounder and printer in Birmingham.
1706 FRANKLIN Franklin, Benjamin, d.1790, printer, publisher, statesman
1709 COPYRIGHT Copyright Act in England
1713 BAINE Baine, John (1790). Edinburgh typefounder
1716 UTRECHT PSALTER Utrecht Psalter donated to the Utrecht University Library by Willem de Ridder, an official of the States of Utrecht.
1717 WALPOLE Horace Walpole (1717-1797), author of thousands of diverting letters.
1725 IBARRA Ibarra, Joaquim, d.1785, printer in Madrid, court printer to Carlos III
1726 AUSTRIA NATIONAL LIBRARY Austria. Imperial Library (now National Library) building built by J.B.Fischer
1726 CHODOWIECKI Chodowiecki, Daniel Nikolaus, d.1801. German artis-engraver.
1730 DIDOT Didot, Francois-Ambroise, d.1804, oldest of Didot family, famous French printing family
1733 JACKSON Jackson, Joseph, d.1792, London typecutter and founder
1734 AQUATINT This process was invented by Jean-Baptiste Le Prince (1734-1784). François Janinet (1752-1813) was the first to employ it for colour prints, by using several plates. Francisco Goya made great use of it, often combining it with line engraving, etching and also drypoint. In more recent times it has been one of the favourite techniques of Georges Rouault (1871-1958) and Pablo Picasso.
1738 TIMES, THE Walter, John, d.1812, founder of newspaper The Times, 1785/1788
1738 ENGELMANN Engelmann, Gottfried, d.1839, lithograph printer, inventor of chromolythography in 1836
1738 WALTER Walter, John, d.1812, founder of newspaper The Times, 1785/1788
1740 BODONI Bodoni, Giambatista,d.1813. Italian printer and punchcutter.
1746 JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY Johnson's Dictionary, made in England, between 1746 and 1773
1753 BRITISH LIBRARY British Library. The national library of Britain came into being in 1753 when parliament decided to purchase the collection of books and manuscripts that had been left by Hans Sloane. A few years later George II presented the Royal library
1753 BEWICK Bewick, Thomas (d. 1828)
1755 EDWARDS Edwards of Halifax binding firm founded by William Edwards of Yorkshire
1755 BINDING Edwards of Halifax binding firm founded by William Edwards of Yorkshire
1756 EGERTON Egerton, Francis Henry, d. 1829, bibliophile who donated a collection of 67 manuscripts to the British Museum
1757 BINDING Bohn, Johann,d.1843. German binder, noted for his gilded doublures, and paper marbling
1757 BLAKE Blake, William, d.1827. English artist-illustrator, illustrated Milton and Dante editions.
1757 BOHN Bohn, Johann,d.1843. German binder, noted for his gilded doublures, and paper marbling
1758 SACY Silvestre de Sacy (1758-1838), sensible and analytical scholar, a briljant man who served from 1833 to his death as keeper of Oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris.
1758 BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE Silvestre de Sacy (1758-1838), sensible and analytical scholar, a briljant man who served from 1833 to his death as keeper of Oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris.
1759 PAPER Balston, William (1849). English papermaker
1759 BALSTON Balston, William (1849). English papermaker
1765 POP UP Pop-up. Robert Sayer of London produces childrens' metamorphosis, the Harliquinades.
1765 NIEPCE Niepce, Joseph Nicephore, d. 1833, inventor of photography (1826)
1765 PHOTOGRAPHY Niepce, Joseph Nicephore, d. 1833, inventor of photography (1822)
1766 PAPILLON Traite de la Gravure en Bois by Jean Michel Papillon
1766 PAPILLON Traite de la Gravure en Bois by Jean Michel Papillon
1768 DARLINGTON PRESS Darlington Press, private press, established atThe Grange ny George Allen
1770 CHATTERTON Chatterton, Thomas. (1752-1770). English poet, known for his literary
frauds distinguished by poetic genius. He wrote a number of poems which
he pretended were the work of one Thomas Rowley, a non-existent monk of
the 15th century.
1770 PAPER Whatman paper, English hand-made wove paper first made by James Whatman at Maidstone
1770 WHATMAN Whatman paper, English hand-made wove paper first made by James Whatman at Maidstone
1772 SCOTT, SIR WALTER Ballantyne, James (1833). Publisher of Sir Walter Scott
1772 BALLANTYNE Ballantyne, James (1833). Publisher of Sir Walter Scott
1774 KÖNIG, FRIEDRICH König, Friedrich, d.1833. Inventor of the cylinder press
1774 CYLINDER PRESS König, Friedrich, d.1833. Inventor of the cylinder press
1782 CYLINDER PRINTING Dickinson, John, d.1869, inventor of the cylinder printing machine
1782 DICKINSON Dickinson, John, d.1869, inventor of the cylinder printing machine
1785 BAER OF FRANKFURT Oldest German used book business founded by Joseph Baer of Frankfurt
1785 TIMES, THE Times. Foundation of Daily Universal Register, from 1788 to be called The Times.
1787 PHOTOGRAPHY Daguerre, Louis Jacq. Mande, d.1851, worked together with the inventor of photography, Niepce (d.1833) and developed daguerreotype process
1787 DAGUERRE Daguerre, Louis Jacq. Mande, d.1851, worked together with the inventor of photography, Niepce (d.1833) and developed daguerreotype process
1790 QUADRUPEDS, BEWICK Bewick: A General history of Quadrupeds
1790 BEWICK Bewick: A General history of Quadrupeds
1790 BEWICK Bewick's History of Quadrupeds
1793 ANNALES TYPOGRAPHICI Annales Typographici ab artis inventae origine ad annum MD by Georg Panzer
1794 SPILSBURY Spilsbury's 'The Art of Etching and Aqua Tinting' published
1796 LITHOGRAPHY Lithography experiments by Senefelder
1796 SENEFELDER Senefelder starts experimenting printing from stone
1797 BEWICK Bewick: History of British Birds Vol.I
1798 LITHOGRAPHY The best kind of limestone is Bavarian. Light coloured and perfectly smooth, it is porous and absorbs both water and greasy substances equally well. The stone used is about six inches thick and is fairly big, up to 90x65 cm (35x25 inches), and can weigh up to 150 or 175 pounds. The stone is ground smooth. The drawing is made on it with a greasy lithographic pencil or crayon, and then fixed by rinsing the stone with a very weak solution of nitric acid and gum arabic. The stone is wiped with water before each impression is taken and, for each print, it is inked by means of a leather-covered roller. During this operation, the porous limestone retains the grease of the crayon where the drawing has been made, and the parts which are not drawn upon become impregnated with water. The ink, which is greasy, is repelled by the water-wet areas and adheres only to the areas marked by the crayon. See also: Senefelder.
1798 LITOGRAPHY Lithography invented by Senefelder
1799 ROSETTA STONE The'Rosetta' stone is cut. It contains the same text in Egyptian hieroglyphic, Egyptian demotic, and Greek writing. It was discovered in 1799 near the mouth of the Nile and served to break the code for deciphering ancient Egyptian works.
1799 LAMBINET Lambinet, Pierre, published his Recherches Historiques sur l'Origine de l'Imprimerie at Brussels
1800 LENOX Lenox, James, d.1880, American bookcollector, first to import 42-lines Gutenberg into the USA
1800 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Congress. Library of Congress Washington founded
1804 COLOR PRINTING Baxter, George (d. 1867). Patented letterpress process for color printing
1804 GOULD John Gould (1804-1881), British ornithologist and artist.
1804 BAXTER PROCESS Baxter, George, d.1867, inventor if the Baxter Process for colorprinting (combination of intaglio and relief printing)
1804 BAXTER Baxter, George (d. 1867). Patented letterpress process for color printing
1804 BEWICK Bewick: History of British Birds Vol II
1808 LAURENZIANA Laurenziana. The Laurenziana and Marciana libraries of the Medici's combined in Flrence now forming the Biblioteca Mediceco-Laurenziana
1809 MARMIER Xavier Marmier (1809-1892), a member of the Académie Française, bequeathed his books to the public library in Pontarlier. In memory of the happy moments passed among the book stall keepers on the quays of the Left Bank he left the, the sum of 1,000 francs..
1809 BIBLIOMANIA Thomas Frognell Dibdin (1776-1847) published 1809: THE BIBLIOMANIA; or, Book-Madness; containing some account of the History, Symptoms, and Cure of this Fatal Disease.
1810 MANUEL DU LIBRAIRE Brunet's Manuel du Libraire et de l'amateur de livres published.
1810 BRUNET Brunet's Manuel du Libraire et de l'amateur de livres published.
1811 CHISWICK Chiswick Press founded.
1812 CYLINDER PRESS Cylinder Press, First built in Britain by Friedrich Konig
1814 GRAESSE Graesse, Johann, d.1885, wrote Tresor de Livres rares et precieux


CONTINUE 1814-1879

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