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TIME-TABLE ALPHABETICAL (ctnd)
YEAR KEYWORD EVENT
1691 MAZARIN Mazarin. Second Mazarin bibliotheque opened
1600 MAZARIN Naude, Gabriel, d.1653, librarian to Cardinal Mazarin.
1859 McLEISH McLeish, Charles, d.1949. Binder of Edinburgh, worked for the Doves Bindery
1889 MEGGENDORFER Meggendorfer's International Circus is published
1841 MEISENBACH Meisenbach, Georg, d.1912. Inventor of half-tone reproduction
1512 MERCATOR Mercator, Gerard, d.1592 (Gerhard Kremer) Cartographer, mathematician. 1537 established a business as globe and map maker.
1854 MERGENTHALER Mergenthaler, Ottmar, d.1899 from Hachtel, Germany, invented linotype in 1884
1884 MERGENTHALER Mergenthaler invented linotype
1891 MEYNELL Meynell, Sir Francis, d.1975. founder of the Nonesuch Press in 1923
1642 MEZZOTINT Mezzotint invented by Ludwig von Siegen.
1623 MEZZOTINT Vaillant, Wallerant, d.1677, Dutch artist active in mezzotint technique
1640 MEZZOTINT Blooteling, Abraham, d.1690. Developed mezzotint (invented in 1642 by Ludwig von Siegen)
1660 MEZZOTINT, EARLIEST KNOWN The technique of the mezzotint seems to have been invented by a German soldier, Ludwig von Siegen (1609-c.1680); the earliets known mezzotint is The Grand Executioner done in about 1660 by Prince Rupert, the Palatine Prince Ruprecht von der Pflatz (1619-1682). The Colossus by Francisco Goya (1746-1828), engraved in about 1815, was produced entirely by this technique, which was later taken up by others, notably by Edvard Munch (1863-1944).
1895 MOHOLY-NAGY Moholy-Nagy, Laszlo, d.1946. pioneer of New Typography, teached at the German Bauhaus and Chicago Institute of Design
1902 MOMMSEN Theodor Mommsen's Römische Geschichte, a five-volume history of Rome, published.
1844 MONOTYPE Lanston, Tolbert, d.1913, inventor of monotype typesetting
1911 MONTAGUE PRESS Montague Press founded by Carl Purington Rollins (first time use of Bruce Rogers' Centaur type)
1543 MORETUS Moretus, Joannes (Jan Moerentorf), d.1610. Plantin's son in law and successor.
1889 MORISON Morison, Stanley, d.1967. British scholar-typographer
1834 MORRIS Morris, William, d.1896. Started the Kelmscott Press in 1891.
896 MOSES BEN ASHER Colophon, oldest known manuscript colophon, in Books of the Prophets written by Moses ben Asher in Tiberias.
1041 MOVABLE TYPE In 1403 the earliest known book was printed from movable type in Korea, a process which had been used by the Chinese as early as 1041. In 1450 Gutenberg printed his 42-line Bible in Mainz on a quality of handmade paper which remains unsurpassed to this day. 26 Years later William Caxton brought the art of printing to England, and in 1486 the first English coloured illustrated book was printed in St. Albans.
1498 MUSIC PRINTING Music Printing using movable type invented by Ottaviano Petrucci of Venice
1509 NARRENSCHIFF Narrenschiff, English adaptation Ship of Fools by Alexander Barclay, based on the latin translation by Jacob Locher.
1494 NARRENSCHIFF Brant. Sebastian Brant's Narrenschiff published, illustrated with woodcuts, among them the famous Bookfool woodcut by Durer (?)
1494 NARRENSCHIFF Narrenschiff, Ship of Fools, by Sebastian Brant, published by Bergmann von Olpe, Basle, illustrated with 114 woodcuts.
-100 NASH PAPYRUS Nash Papyrus, oldest known biblical fragment, containing the Hebrew text of the ten commandments. Acquired in Egypt 1902 by W.L.Nash and now in Cambridge University Library.
1853 NATURE PRINTING Auer, Alois, invents nature printing technique (direct duplication of natural objects)
1627 NAUDE Naude, Gabriel. In building their libraries Richelieu and Mazarin received considerable assistance from theisr librarian Naude, who published 1627 the book 'Advis pour dresser une bibliotheque'
1508 NEGKER, JOST DE Active in Antwerp 1508-1544, master of Burgkmair, Cranach and Hans Baldung Grien. Believed to be the inventor of the colored woodcut.
1497 NEUDÖRFER Neudörfer, Johann, d. 1563, writing master of Nuremberg, his 'Fundament' was the first writing book to be published (collection of Fraktur scripts).
1921 NEWBERY MEDAL Newbery Medal of ALA for the most distinguished book for children.
1765 NIEPCE Niepce, Joseph Nicephore, d. 1833, inventor of photography (1826)
1923 NONESUCH Nonesuch Press established by Miss Mendel, David Garnett and Sir Francis Meynell.
1895 NYPELS Nypels, Charles, d. 1952, Dutch typographer who was a pupil of De Roos. Designed books for the First Editions Club
1922 OFFICINA BODONI Officina Bodoni founded at Montagnola di Lugano by Giovanni Mardersteig
1892 OFFICINA BODONI Mardersteig, Giovanni, d.1977. founder of Officina Bodoni
1911 OFFICINA SERPENTIS Officina Serpentis founded by Eduard Wilhelm Tieffenbach (1883-1948)
1507 OPORINUS Oporinus, Johannes, d.1568, scholar-printer of Basle, issued more than 800 publications, including Koran and writings by Luther. Most important: Andreas Vesalius 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica' (anatomical study)
1964 ORIGINAL PRINTS Definition of originality given in December 1964 by the Comité National de la Gravure, subsequently accepted by the Chambre Syndicale de L'Estampe et du Dessin and then published in Nouvelles de L'Estampe in February 1965.
1960 ORIGINAL PRINTS Third International Congress of Plastic Arts in Vienna made an outline proposal drawn op in five paragraphs offering a precise definition of an original print.
1926 ORIOLE PRESS Oriole Press, Joseph Ishill
1527 ORTELIUS Ortelius, Abraham, d. 1598, published of Antwerp (original name: Abraham Wortels), cartographer and publisher of maps. Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
1489 OS, GOTFRIED VAN Denmark. Bookprinting came to Copenhagen with the arrival of the Dutch printer Gotfried van Os, who called himself Gotfred of Ghemen
1919 OVID PRESS Ovid Press founded by John Rodker in London. Closed in 1920
1602 OXFORD LIBRARY Oxford library reestablished by Queen Elizabeth's statesman Thomas Bodley
1550 OXFORD LIBRARY Oxford library plundered by soldiers of Edward VI
1545 OXFORD UN. LIBRARY Bodley, Sir Thomas, d.1613. Rebuilder of Oxford University Library bearing his name.
191 PALATINE Palatine library destoyed by fire
750 PAPER Paper making reached Samarkand before 750, Baghdad in 793, Damascus and Cairo in approximately 950. Through the Arab conquest of North Africa and Southern Spain, the invention first reached the Moorish parts of Spain in the 11th century. A mill was recorded at Fez in Morocco in 1100, and the first on the Spanish mainland at Xativa in 1151. It reached Southern Italy in the 13th century, where, untill quite recently, some of the oldest handmade paper mills in Italy were operating near Amalfi, in the Naples area.
800 PAPER Marbling in Japan, first Turkish marbled paper 1586, first Dutch 1598
-100 PAPER Nash Papyrus, oldest known biblical fragment, containing the Hebrew text of the ten commandments. Acquired in Egypt 1902 by W.L.Nash and now in Cambridge University Library.
1283 PAPER Fabriano, town inwhich first Italian papermill was established. Still name of an Italian handmade paper
1759 PAPER Balston, William (1849). English papermaker
868 PAPER The first book printed on paper in China, in block printed Buddhist scripts.
-150 PAPER The first paper is made in CHina from macerated hemp fibers in water suspension.
1338 PAPER Paper, oldest known papermill in France
1690 PAPER Paper, first papermaking in America
1540 PAPER Paper, first papermill in Stockholm
1843 PAPER Paper, first time use wood for making paper
751 PAPER Papermaking introduced in the Islamic world
1276 PAPER Paper. First papermill established in Italy
105 PAPER Chinese history records that papermaking was invented by Ts'ai Lun in the court of Ho'ti in Lei-yang, China. Paper had, in fact, been made in China for at least two hundred years before this date. The first papers were made from hemp, bark, and used fish nets.
1469 PAPER Arches Papermill in Vosges, France
104 PAPER Papermaking discovered in China by Ts'ai Louen (date is not very specific: it may have been 105. Name also written as: Ts'ai Lun) Material used: plant bark, discarded cotton and old fishnets.
1466 PAPER Petrucci, Ottaviano, d.1539. Printer in Venice who established a papermill that remained active until the 19th century
1282 PAPER Watermark, Oldes know watermark (Italy)
1238 PAPER Papermaking mill established in Capellades, Catalonia
1883 PAPER Hunter, Dard, d.1966. Leading authority on papermaking
1770 PAPER Whatman paper, English hand-made wove paper first made by James Whatman at Maidstone
1673 PAPER Hollander, paperpulp beating machine, probably by Jacob Honingh in Zaandijk, Holland
1085 PAPER Papermaking in Jativa Spain
1955 PAPER Dry Coated paper developed at the Battlefield Memorial Institute, Columbia
-650 PAPER Papyrus. First rolls arrive in Greece from Egypt
1841 PAPERBACK paperback. First paperbacks by Tauchnitz Verlag Germany
1766 PAPILLON Traite de la Gravure en Bois by Jean Michel Papillon
1766 PAPILLON Traite de la Gravure en Bois by Jean Michel Papillon
-2400 PAPYRUS Date of the earliest surviving papyrus scroll with writing.
-650 PAPYRUS Papyrus. First rolls arrive in Greece from Egypt
-100 PAPYRUS Nash Papyrus, oldest known biblical fragment, containing the Hebrew text of the ten commandments. Acquired in Egypt 1902 by W.L.Nash and now in Cambridge University Library.
1325 PAUPERUM Biblia Pauperum made in Klosterneuburg near Vienna
1899 PEAR TREE PRESS Pear Tree Press founded by James Guthrie in essex. Last book appeared in 1951
1897 PENROSE Penrose Annual's first
1949 PEREGRINE PRESS Peregrine Press by Henry Evans, San Francisco
-197 PERGAMUM 197-159 BC In the Middle East, near Pergamum, large herds of cattle are raised for skins to be made into what we now call 'parchment.'
1466 PETRUCCI Petrucci, Ottaviano, d.1539. Printer in Venice who established a papermill that remained active until the 19th century
1498 PETRUCCI Music Printing using movable type invented by Ottaviano Petrucci of Venice


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