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TIME-TABLE ALPHABETICAL (ctnd)
YEAR KEYWORD EVENT
-1500 PHAISTOS DISC The 'Phaistos disc', found on the island of Crete in 1908, was produced by pressing relief-carved symbols into the soft clay, then baking it. Although it contains the germ of the idea of printing, it appears to be unique.
1593 PHILIPPINES Philippines, The first book printed in Manilla: Doctrina Christiana (Unique copy in Lessing J.Rosenwald collection)
1473 PHILOBIBLON Philobiblon. Richard de Bury's treatise written in praise of books
-800 PHOENECIAN WRITING Moabite stone is created with one of the finest specimens of Phoenician writing. The letters resemble Greek.
1856 PHOTOGRAPHY First general treatise on the various applications of photography to the printing press published by Georg Kessler in Berlin.
1839 PHOTOGRAPHY Head of the Charité Clinic in Paris, Dr. Alfred Donné, was the first to announce success with etching daguerreotype plates.
1857 PHOTOGRAPHY John Pouncy's DORSETSHIRE PHOTOGRAPHICALLY ILLUSTRATED was the first book illustrated by photolithography, two volumes containing 79 plates in total.
1787 PHOTOGRAPHY Daguerre, Louis Jacq. Mande, d.1851, worked together with the inventor of photography, Niepce (d.1833) and developed daguerreotype process
1840 PHOTOGRAPHY 18 April 1840 Dr. Joseph Berres, professorof anatomy in Vienna, stated in the Wiener Zeitung that he had succeede in converting daguerreotypes in to printing plates.
1765 PHOTOGRAPHY Niepce, Joseph Nicephore, d. 1833, inventor of photography (1822)
1841 PHOTOGRAPHY First achromatic portrait lens specially designed for photography by Joseph Petzval, Vienna, introduced by Friedrich Voigtlaender.
1853 PHOTOGRAPHY Photographic Society of London founded by Sir Charles Eastlake.
1854 PHOTOGRAPHY Société Française de Photographie founded by Eugène Durieu.
1822 PHOTOGRAPHY Heliography invented by Niépce in 1822. He made his first photograph in 1826.
1860 PHOTOGRAPHY, COLOR Colour photography by J.C.Maxwell
1883 PHOTOGRAVURE Photogravure, First in Britain by T. and R. Annan of Glasgow
1863 PISARRO Pissarro,Lucien, d.1944 (Eragny Press)
1520 PLANTIN Plantin, Christopher, d.1589
1569 PLANTIN Plantin, Polyglot Bible
1866 PLANTIN Plantin Press, last dated work
1876 PLANTIN Plantin-Moretus Museum acquired by the city of Antwerp
1589 PLANTIN Plantin's death
1584 PLANTIN Wagoner. Publication of 'Spegel der Zeevaerdt' printed in Leyden by Plantin, seecharts by Waghenaer. From his name was the term Wagoner for seecharts derived
1482 POETICON ASTRONOMICON Poeticon Astronomicon by Erhard Ratdolt, illustrated with allegorical woodcuts
1558 POITIERS, DIANA DE Mistress of Henry II, lobbied succesfully for a passage of an ordinace that required French publishers to present copies of every book they issued to the libraries of Blois and Fontainebleau.
1840 POLIDORI Polidori Private Press founded, ceased activities in 1850
1569 POLYGLOT Polyglot Bible, printed by Plantin between 1569 and 1572 for Philip II of Spain
1889 POP UP Pop-up. Meggendorfer's International Circus is published
1885 POP UP Pop-Up. Levi Yaggy published a life size folio 'Yaggi's Anatomical Study' with layered illustrations
1983 POP UP Pop-up. Viking Press 'The Human Body'
1765 POP UP Pop-up. Robert Sayer of London produces childrens' metamorphosis, the Harliquinades.
1857 POUNCY, JOHN. John Pouncy's DORSETSHIRE PHOTOGRAPHICALLY ILLUSTRATED was the first book illustrated by photolithography, two volumes containing 79 plates in total.
1878 PRINTING Wicks, Frederick of Glasgow invented typecasting machine
1499 PRINTING PRESS Printing Press, oldest known reproduction of, in Dance of Death printed in Lyon by M.Huss
1702 PRINTS, COLOUR Jakob Christof Le Blon (1667-1741) was the first to produce an engraving in several colours. He took as his starting point Newston's theory, published in 1702, which stated that all colours in the spectrum are composed of the three primary colours -blue, yellow and red. In practice, however, in order to obtain a satisfactory impression, a fourth plate had to be added, bearing black lines.
370 PUBLIC LIBRARY ROME Public libraries, in these days there were said to be 28 public libaries in Rome
1911 PURINGTON ROLLINS Montague Press founded by Carl Purington Rollins (first time use of Bruce Rogers' Centaur type)
1790 QUADRUPEDS, BEWICK Bewick: A General history of Quadrupeds
1819 QUARITCH Quaritch, Bernard, d. 1899, antiquarian bookseller
1553 QUEEN MARY'S PSALTER Queen Mary acquired the 14th century psalter (English psalter with 223 tinted drawings). Now in the British Library
1936 RAMPANT LION Rampant lions Press' first book, Robert Nichols' A Spanish Triptych, published. Press was founded by Will Carter
1956 RANK Rank-Xerox company fouded
1931 RAVEN PRESS Raven Press founded at Harrow Weald, London, by Robert Maynard and Horace Bray
1879 REGEMORTER Regemorter, Berthe van, d.1964. Belgium bookbinder
1436 REGIOMONTANUS Regiomontanus, Johanes, d. 1476, printer at Königsberg, Germany, publisher of astronomical works
1819 REMINGTON Sholes, Christopher, d.1890, inventor of typewriter, first perfected typewriter was marketed by Remington 1874
1878 RENNER Renner, Paul, d.1956, type designer, sanserif series Futura. Wrote Die Kunst der Typographie, published 1940
1340 RICHES HEURES Berry, Jean duc de (d.1416). Les Tres Riches Heures.
1866 RICKETTS Ricketts,Charles, d. 1931, founder of the Vale Press
1935 ROGERS, BRUCE Rogers. Oxford Lectern Bible printed by Bruce Rogers with his Centaur type
1870 ROGERS, BRUCE Rogers, Bruce, d.1957. American printer and typographer. Worked at the Cambridge University Press and the Oxford University Press. Types designed by Rogers: Montaigne, Centaur
1916 ROGERS, BRUCE Mall Press founded in London by Emery Walker and Bruce Rogers
1418 ROHAN Rohan Book of Hours, made for Yolande of Aragon.
1877 ROOS, SJOERD DE Roos, Sjoerd de, d.1962. Leading Dutch typedesigner. Types: De Roos Roman, Egmont, Hollandsche Mediaeval, Erasmus, Grotius. 1927 founded Heuvel Press
1891 ROSENWALD Lessing J. Rosenwald, d. 1979. Former chairman of Sears, Roebuck Co. gave to the nation 2,600 exquisite volumes, the greates benefaction in the Library of Congress' history, including an enormous two volume illuminated manuscript known as the Great Bible of Mainz. produced in 1452, this book is thought to have influenced motifs and ornamentation used in the design of Gutenbergs 42 line bible, which was printed in the same year. Other treasures included Prolemy's COSMOGRAPHIA; William Blake's SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND OF EXPERIENCE; the only known copy of the first edition of the English version of the Lohengrin legend, THE KNIGHT OF THE SWAN and the only ilustrated book published by Manutius, Colonna's HYPNEROTOMACHIA POLIPHILI.
-196 ROSETTA STONE The'Rosetta' stone is cut. It contains the same text in Egyptian hieroglyphic, Egyptian demotic, and Greek writing. It was discovered in 1799 near the mouth of the Nile and served to break the code for deciphering ancient Egyptian works.
1799 ROSETTA STONE The'Rosetta' stone is cut. It contains the same text in Egyptian hieroglyphic, Egyptian demotic, and Greek writing. It was discovered in 1799 near the mouth of the Nile and served to break the code for deciphering ancient Egyptian works.
1828 ROSSETTI Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, d.1882, painter and poet, designer of bookbindings
1863 ROTARY LETTERPRESS Rotary web-fed letterpress machine invented by William Bullock.
1878 ROYEN Royen, Jean-Francois van, d.1942. Director of Zilverdistel Press.
1584 RUETTE Ruette, Mace, d.1644, Parisian master binder and court binder
1914 RUPPRECHT PRESSE Rupprecht Press founded by Fritz Helmut Ehmcke


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